live in an era when people believe they can do as they want, obey the laws if
they want or disobey them if they are inconvenient. Change their opinions
whenever they chose. Put anything together in the way of curriculum and it will
is not so. To be effective, learning must follow a logical sequence. Each step
must be mastered before progressing to the next step.
must be taught in a specific order to be effective. There are four parts to
English –reading, comprehension, written expression and grammar and these
gradually overlap, however everything starts with phonics.
the sounds. There are over 100 of them and many of them have rules, e.g., a
says o as in was, what or squash when it follows “w”, “wh”, or “qu”.
learn to spell the words they can sound so they can change the sequence e.g.,
if you have learnt the “at” sounds then you can spell cat, hat, mat etc.
sounds are then run together to make words.
are then connected to make sentences
sentences combine to form reading passages.
is a different skill from reading. Comprehension is about understanding exactly
what the author has said. It is never about guessing or interpreting.
writing is teaching students how to think, to order and synthesise their
thoughts, and gives them the skills to demonstrate what they know.
shows writing skills are linked to reading comprehension, thinking and speaking
words is the next logical step and this is generally mastered at the same time
the child learns to read.
sentences—a child starts with a single sentence and learns to build on it.
paragraphs—progressing from a single sentence to three or more sentences on the
a story that is made up of paragraphs and contains a beginning, middle and end
provides the structure of a sentence. It allows you to put words together in
such a way that the meaning will not be misunderstood.
sentence must contain a noun and a verb, e.g., John ran.
will generally have a subject and a predicate, e.g., in John ran fast, John is
the subject and ran fast is the predicate.
rules of grammar are gradually introduced so the complexity of the written work
improves and the person is better able to communicate.
While a noun
and a verb make a sentence, e.g., John ran, it gives you little information.
If however you add an adverbial phrase, e.g., John ran to his uncle, you have
doubled the information available to the reader. The sentence can be made more complex
by adding an adverbial clause and adverbial phrase, e.g., John ran to his uncle
because he was afraid of the dog. (“he was afraid” is the adverbial clause;
“of the dog” is the adverbial phrase.)
has its own order too. The second and third step listed below need to be learnt
by heart so the child can progress to more advanced maths. The best calculator
is your brain.
and counting to 20
and subtracting to first 10, then 20
are vitally important to any further maths as much of later maths is based on
its most basic this is our currency, but few children in school have mastered
one is to use a credit card or take out a loan, or even want to invest money, this
is an essential skill.
have illustrated some of the early steps in learning. Miss any of these and
later work will not make sense. These are the foundations we use to function
within society and express ourselves.
you are learning spelling, english, maths or science the subject needs to be
learnt in a logical order. People cannot just pick and choose the pieces they
like and ignore those they don’t. Gaps in learning lead to a lack of
understanding at higher levels which becomes worse and worse as the child
grows. Better to know a little well, than have an education that is like a
sieve. (We all know how much stays in a sieve.)